What is blood cancer?


Blood cancer represents a large group of different malignancies. This group includes cancers of the bone marrow, blood, and lymphatic system, which includes lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, spleen, and digestive tract lymphoid tissue. Leukemia and myeloma, which start in the bone marrow, and lymphoma, which starts in the lymphatic system, are the most common types of blood cancer. What causes these cancers is not known.

As leukemia and myeloma grow within the bone marrow, they can interfere with the bone marrow’s ability to produce normal blood cells, including white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. This can cause frequent infections, anemia, and easy bruising. Lymphomas, which most typically appear as enlargement of the lymph nodes, can also interfere with the body’s ability to fight infections. Additionally, myelomas generate a substance that weakens bones, and produce abnormal proteins that can cause symptoms in other parts of the body.

What are the symptoms of blood cancer?

Blood cancer can produce a variety of symptoms, or none at all.

Common symptoms of blood cancer

Symptoms of blood cancer can include:

  • Abdominal pain, especially in the upper abdomen
  • Bone fractures (spontaneous or resulting from minimal trauma)
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Enlarged liver and glands, such as the spleen and lymph nodes
  • Fatigue
  • Fever and chills
  • Frequent infections
  • Frequent urination
  • Nausea, which may be described as feelings of wooziness, queasiness, retching, sea-sickness, car-sickness or upset stomach
  • Night sweats
  • Unexplained weight loss

What causes blood cancer?

Although the specific cause of blood cancer is not known, a number of factors are associated with its development. Many blood cancers are more common among older adults. Some tend to run in families. Certain infections also appear to increase the risk of some blood cancers, as does a weakened immune system.

What are the risk factors for blood cancer?

A number of factors increase the risk of developing blood cancer. Not all people with risk factors will get blood cancer. Risk factors for blood cancer include:

  • Advanced age
  • Certain types of infections
  • Compromised immune system due to such conditions as HIV/AIDS, taking corticosteroids, or organ transplant
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Exposure to radiation or certain types of chemotherapy
  • Family history of blood cancer
  • Solid organ transplant recipient
  • Personal history of certain blood disorders
  • Personal history of certain genetic disorders (Down syndrome)
  • Smoking

How is blood cancer treated?

Goal of cancer treatment

The goal of blood cancer treatment is to permanently cure the cancer or to bring about a complete remission of the disease. Remission means that there is no longer any sign of the disease in the body, although it may recur or relapse later.

Some blood cancers grow slowly enough that delaying treatment may be an option. If the decision to delay treatment is made, close follow-up, called watchful waiting, is needed so that significant progression can be identified and treatments can be started when needed.

Common treatments for blood cancer

Several therapies are available to treat blood cancers including:

  • Biological therapy to attack cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy to attack cancer cells
  • Participation in a clinical trial testing promising new treatments for blood cancers
  • Radiation therapy to attack cancer cells
  • Stem cell transplant to provide healthy stem cells that can make healthy blood cells
  • Targeted therapy to attack specific cancer cells or signaling proteins
  • Watchful waiting to identify when to start treatment

Other treatments for blood cancer

Other therapies may be added to help with your general state of health and any complications of the cancer or its treatment including:

  • Anti-nausea medications if needed
  • Antibiotics and other medications to reduce the likelihood of getting infections
  • Blood transfusions to temporarily replace blood components (such as red blood cells or platelets)
  • Dental care to manage oral symptoms of leukemia or chemotherapy
  • Dietary counseling to help people with cancer maintain their strength and nutritional status
  • Pain medications if needed to increase comfort
  • Surgery to remove an enlarged spleen or to treat bone fractures
  • Vaccinations to prevent diseases like the flu and pneumonia

Complementary treatments

Some complementary treatments may help some people to better deal with blood cancer and its treatments. These treatments, sometimes referred to as alternative therapies, are used in conjunction with traditional medical treatments. Complementary treatments are not meant to substitute for traditional medical care. Be sure to notify your doctor if you are consuming nutritional supplements or homeopathic (nonprescription) remedies as they may interact with the prescribed medical therapy.


13 thoughts on “Blood Cancer”

    1. Is blood cancer curable?

      Usually blood cancers have a cure rate, but it all depends upon the type of blood cancer the patient is suffering from. Some blood cancers such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia and myeloma aren?t necessarily curable, but patients can live for decades, sometimes with minimal treatment

      Can blood cancer be cured at first stage?

      The stage of leukemia decides the treatment process. Some of the common treatments for leukemia are chemotherapy, biological therapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy and stem cell transplant.

      In chemotherapy, multiple drugs (pills and injections) are used to kill the leukemia cells. In biological therapy, the immune system is made to attack leukemia cells. While in targeted therapy the vulnerabilities within cancer cells are targeted.

      In radiation therapy, the leukemia cells are destroyed with high radiation. The precision and accuracy of the treatment helps to target all the leukemia cells. In the stem cell transplant, the diseased bone marrow is replaced by healthy bone marrow.

      Before the stem cell transplant process starts, a high dose of radiation is given to destroy the leukemia cells in the bone marrow. The diseased bone marrow is then replaced by a healthy bone marrow. The healthy stem cells are either taken from the patient’s own body, or from others.

      Usually blood cancers have a cure rate, but it all depends upon the type of blood cancer the patient is suffering from. Some blood cancers such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia and myeloma aren?t necessarily curable, but patients can live for decades, sometimes with minimal treatment

    1. Most of health insurance policies available today cover almost all major critical illnesses, including cancer, but these policies generally pay only for inpatient hospitalisation and for treatment at hospitals in India. They do not cover the entire cost of treatment like day care procedure Chemotherapy and medicines for chemo and also consumables which and all used.

      its always better check with TPA team and also team for further process.

      1. Treatment of blood cancer is always depends on the 1) Type of Cancer 2) Location of Cancer 3) Current Stage of Cancer 4) Patient’s current health condition

        Final cost is always depends on physical evaluation of the patient in the hospital

  1. Which is the best doctor for blood cancer in Bangalore?

    which is the best hospital for cancer treatment in Bangalore?

    1. Top most doctors for blood cancer in Bangalore in Top Most hospitals :

      1. Dr. Sandeep Nayak is one of the leading Surgical Oncologist (Cancer Surgeon) of India and Director of Surgical Oncology at Fortis Hospital, Bangalore. He is one of the Pioneers of Laparoscopic & Robotic Cancer Treatment (Surgery).
      He has widely traveled and has worked in many centers of repute in India and Abroad. He is a member of Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, U.K and has many other professional associations. He has many scientific publications to his credit. He has also been bestowed with many accolades & awards during his career in the field of Oncology. He has demonstrated at many conferences and trained many surgeons in laparoscopic & robotic cancer surgeries across India and abroad. He was one of the well respected and loved teaching faculties at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore. He is widely experienced in all types of Cancer Surgeries.
      He has performed, demonstrated and trained many students in minimally invasive cancer surgery (laparoscopic and robotic surgery) in gynecological oncology, uro-oncology, head and neck oncology, thoracic surgery and general surgical oncology. His special interests include esophageal cancer, colo-rectal cancer, oral cancer, thyroid, etc. He has been known for inventing robotic thyroidectomy technique called RABIT and Robotic Minimally invasive neck dissection for head and neck cancer. He is also known for the recal cancer technique call ISR and esophageal cancer surgery.Dr Aditi Bhatt

      2. Dr. Sridhar PS, senior consultant radiation oncology at HCG completed his post-graduation in MD (radiotherapy) & finished his DNB in Radiotherapy from a prestigious institute. He specialises in whole body Stereotactic Robotic Radiosurgery (CyberKnife) and has a vast experience in Neurological & Benign tumors, Functional Radiosurgery with over 1500 cases to his credit. He is trained in whole body Stereotactic Robotic Radiosurgery in Stanford University.

      Dr. Sridhar PS has vast experience in Imaging in oncology, High Precision Radiotherapy like 3DCRT, IMRT, IGRT, SBRT, TomoTherapy & Chemoradiotherapy. He is currently the joint secretary for Association of radiation oncology of India (AROI) Secretary of Neuro Oncology society, Joint Secretary of Bangalore Oncology Group, Secretary of Indian Association of Hyperthermia Oncology, and Head of CyberKnife & Head of Clinical Services International at HCG.

      Dr. Sridhar PS has more than 100 publications in National and International Journals to his credit. He has to his credit many National and International awards. His key areas of interest are High precision radiotherapy, Genomics, Radio Genomics, Hepatobiliary, prostate, CNS & Pancreatic cancers.

      Hospital : HCG Bangalore

      3. Dr. Anthony Pais with 28 years experience is among the few breast surgeons who is also specialised in breast radiology, reading of mammograms and early diagnosis of breast cancer. Dr. Pais has gone through special training in Breast Ultrasound and Interpreting Mammograms in Japan and the USA., and has also received training under the world renowned breast radiologist and surgeon, Prof. Lazlo Tabar from the US. He has trained and practiced extensively in surgical oncology across several reputed institutes including Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center, Narayana Hrudayalaya Multispecialty hospital, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, and KIDWAI Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore.

      An active member of numerous national and international organisations including the Breast Surgery International, Switzerland, the American Society of Breast Diseases and International Society of Surgeons, he is a recipient of Dr. Sathyanarayana Setty Memorial Gold Medal for his work in breast cancer, and the prestigious Dr. Mahadevan’s Award by the Association of Surgeons of India. An eminent academician, he has published various papers, and is credited with several presentations
      Hospital : Cytecare Hospital Bangalore

      4. Dr P P BAPSY :
      Dr. P P Bapsy is considered as one of the best oncologists in Bangalore. She is a medical Oncologist and practices at the reputed Apollo Hospital, Bangalore. When we talk about her education, she has pursued MBBS from Madras University in 1973. She has also completed her MD in Oncology and DM in Oncology from Madras University in 1978 and 1987 respectively.

      Also, Dr. Bapsy is an active member of Association of Physicians of India (API), Indian Medical Association (IMA), Indian Society for Oncology, Indian Association of Medical & Pediatric Oncology, Executive Member of Indian Association of Medical & Pediatric Oncology & Indian Society for Oncology and European School of Medical Oncology.

      Hospital : Apollo Hospital Bangalore.

      5. Dr.Sanjiv Sharma has over 23 years of experience as Radiation Oncologist, and is currently associated with Manipal Hospital, Bangalore. He specializes in Radiation Therapy for Cancerous and Non-Cancerous Tumors. Dr. Sharma is an expert in dealing with Intracavitary, Interstitial, Intraluminal and Surface Mould Brachytherapy techniques using after loaded Cesium and Iridium sources; manually and remote after loading Iridium Brachytherapy; TRUS guided Prostate Brachytherapy; Ultrasound guided Breast Brachytherapy; and modern Radiotherapy techniques. He is a member of American Society of Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), European Society for Radiation and Oncology (ESTRO), Association of Radiation Oncologists of India (AROI), Indian Branchytherapy Society, and Indian Society of Neuro-Oncology (ISNO). Dr. Sharma is passionate about providing the best treatment to his patients, and to help them recover quickly from their disorders

      Hospital : Manipal Hospitals Bangalore

      6. Dr Radheshyam MD, DM is the pioneer in the field of medical oncology with more than 25 years of strong academic experience in his field. He received advanced training from the world’s leading institutions including M.D. Anderson Cancer Institute, USA, International School for Cancer Care, Oxford, UK, University of New South Wales, Australia, to name a few.
      Regarded as an eminent oncologist and having experience of visiting renowned cancer hospitals around the world, Dr. Radheshyam has had an excellent academic career in managing all types of cancer and haematological disorders, with several peer-reviewed publications in leading journals. He is pioneer in conducting various Drug trials conducted over 50 chemotherapy drugs in nationally and internationally trials.
      He has special interest in Bone marrow transplant programme and also undergone advanced trainings at Hadassah University, Israel; Detroit medical center, The New York hospital USA , Cornell Medical center and at Harper Hospital, Michigan, USA.
      Dr. Radheshyam has been a major contributor in developing the field of haematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation in Karnataka.

      Hospital : HCG Healthcare Global , Sampangiramanagar

      7. Dr Belliappa M. S. completed his MBBS in 1991, his postgraduation at one of the premier institutes in Bangalore. He has worked as a senior resident and lecturer in the Departement of Radiation Oncology, from 1991 to 1996. He later joined HCG and served as a Senior Consultant in the Departement of Radiation Oncology. He has been trained in brachytherapy, at the Long Beach Memorial Cancer Hospital, California, & acquired IMRT skills at the California Cancer Hospital, Fresno, CA. He has been trained in CyberKnife treatment at Stanford and Philadelphia. His areas of interest include head & neck cancers, pediatric tumors, breast and prostate cancer management. He is involved in more than 30 clinical trials, as primary investigator and sub investigator.

      Dr Belliappa has presented and published more than 25 national and international papers and is currently involved with an NGO, which promotes cancer education in colleges in Bangalore.

      Hospital : HCG Hospital

      8. Dr. Vineet Gupta is a renowned Medical oncologist and Hematologist. He is the first Asian to be conferred the Prestigious Lubrano Distinguished Scholar award by Dana Farber Cancer Institute / Harvard University (USA). He has over 12 years clinical experience in USA.

      Qualification : DM (Medical Oncology)
      DM (Hematology) from New York Medical College Comprehensive Cancer Centre and the H.Lee Moffitt Comprehensive Cancer Centre (NCI designated), Florida, USA.
      MD (Medicine) from Wayne State University and Karmanos Comprehensive Cancer Center, Detroit, USA.
      Lubrano Distinguished Scholar (Harvard University)

      Awards : International Advisory Broad of the Breast Journal. Member Scientific Council-International School of Senology. Working member of ASCO, ESMO.

      Hospital : Sakra World Hopsital , Devarabeesanahalli

  2. who is the best doctor for Blood Cancer in India?

    what is the cost for blood cancer in India?

    What is the treatment options for blood cancer in India?

    1. Best Cancer doctors in India:

      1. Dr Ashok Vaid

      Hospital – Medanta The Medicity, Delhi NCR

      Experience: 31 – 40 Years – DM – Medical Oncology

      Specialization – (Medical Oncology) Stomach, Breast, Liver, Brain, Colon, and Prostate Cancer

      Awards – “CHIKITSA SHIROMANI” Award (2007) | PADMA SHRI (2009)

      2. Dr PN Mohapatra

      Hospital – AMRI Hospital, Saltlake City, Kolkata

      Experience: 13 – 15 Years – DM – Medical Oncology

      3. Dr Vinod Raina

      Hospital – Fortis Memorial Research Institute(FMRI), Delhi NCR

      Experience: 31 – 40 Years

      4. Dr Subhankar Deb

      Hospital – AMRI Hospital, Kolkata

      Education – MBBS , MS – General Surgery , DNB

      5. Dr Amit Agarwal

      Hospital – BLK Super Specialty Hospital, Delhi

      Experience: 22 – 30 Years DM – Medical Oncology

      6. Dr (COL) V.P. Singh
      Hospital – Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals

      Experience: 31 – 40 Years

      Education – MBBS ,MS (Gen.Surg) ,FRCS (Glasgow)

      Awards – Mani Gold Medal (1974) for his work in Rural Health

      7. Dr Sanghavi Meghal Jayant
      Hospital – Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai

      Experience: 10 – 12 Years

      Education – MBBS , DNB – General Surgery
      Research Fellowship – Breast Cancer
      Services Consultant – Surgical Oncology

      8. Dr Aditi Bhatt

      Hospital – Fortis Hospital, Bangalore

      Experience: 7 – 9 Years

      Education – MBBS ,MS – General Surgery ,MCh – Surgical Oncology

      9. Dr Sridhar P S – MD (radiotherapy) & finished his DNB in Radiotherapy from a prestigious institute. He specialises in whole body Stereotactic Robotic Radiosurgery (CyberKnife) and has a vast experience in Neurological & Benign tumors, Functional Radiosurgery with over 1500 cases to his credit. He is trained in whole body Stereotactic Robotic Radiosurgery in Stanford University.

      Hospital : HCG Bangalore

      10. Dr. Anthony Pais with Vast experince
      Senior Consultant -Oncoplastic Breast Surgery
      Co-founder & Clinical Director – MS (General Surgery) , FICS (Surgical Oncology)

      Hospital : Cytecare Hospital Bangalore

      11. Dr P P BAPSY :
      Dr. Bapsy is an expert Oncologist of International repute and is the first women in India to obtain D.M in Medical Oncology. Her expertise in treating Cancer patients spans for more than 3 decades

      Hospital : Apollo Hospital Bangalore

    1. Blood cancer is of three types:

      Leukemia – This type of cancer is caused by the rapid production of abnormal blood cells in the bone marrow. These abnormal blood cells affect the bone marrow’s ability of the production of red blood cells and platelets.

      Lymphoma – This type of blood cancer affects the lymphatic system, which is responsible for the removal of excess fluids from your body and producing immune cells. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that fights infection. Abnormal lymphocytes become lymphoma cells, which grow uncontrollably in your lymph nodes and other tissues.

      Myeloma – This type of blood cancer affects the plasma cells, which are white blood cells responsible for the production of disease-fighting antibodies in the body. Myeloma affects the production of plasma cells which results in weak immune system.

      Blood Cancer Symptoms and Signs :

      Weakness, Fatigue, and Malaise
      Shortness of breath
      Minimal body strain results in bone fractures
      Excessive or easy bruising
      Bleeding gums
      Recurrent infections or fever
      Sweating of body during night
      Weight loss
      Frequent vomiting sensations
      Lymph node (gland) enlargement
      Lumps or abdominal distension due to enlarged abdominal organs
      Abdominal pain, Bone pain and Back pain
      Delirium and confusion
      Abnormal bleeding in gums nose and cuts, which will lead to platelet reduction
      Headaches along with visual difficulties
      Occurrence of fine rashes on dark spots
      Decreased urination and difficulty while urinating

      Although the specific cause of blood cancer is unknown, various factors are associated with its onset. Some causes are:

      1. Aging
      2. Family history
      3. Weak immune system
      4. Certain infections

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